Voice-over-IP (VoIP) is a technology that basically involves making telephone calls over the internet together with delivering multimedia sessions. Before an individual decides to deploy the VoIP service in the office setting, certain requirements need to be taken into account. The following are equipment necessary for VoIP Phone Service:
For a VoIP phone service to work, sufficient bandwidth is required, which ensures that conversations made are clear and free of disruptions. Bandwidth is explained as the amount of information, which can be sent or received through the internet connection in a particular period of time. To get accurate results for this, a fixed connection to the internet is required as opposed to the wireless connection. This is because fixed connections often provide an assurance that the internet is flowing while wireless connections tend to trip which affects the online speed test that needs to be done. The online speed test is done so as to determine what the maximum upload and download stream is. With this set up being complete, no background noises are experienced which makes it easy for individuals to communicate effectively. Since bandwidth is normally measured in kilobits per second (kbps), a high-speed connection is required which has to be rated at 600 kbps for the upload stream and 5000 kbps on the download stream. Knowing the number of people likely to use the phones in the office is also important since this will act as a guide on the quality of bandwidth required.
B) A Router
Having a good quality router in the office is important since it has a major impact when it comes to the success or failure of the VoIP implementation. This is because it is a device that connects all the computers and network equipment to the internet connection source. Going for a cheap router will definitely guarantee the individual poor quality telephone calls regularly.
Establishing a compatible router is essential and one that has Quality of Service (QoS) is key, if at all the individual plans to share the same internet connection with other non-VoIP equipments such as desktops One such compatible router in the market that has been rated as the best of them all and which also gets to offer excellent QoS features is the Linksys RV Series
A lot of helpful information in regards to routers can be gotten from a VoIP service provider since some routers, though regarded as the best, tend to perform poorly with VoIP phones.
C) VoIP Phones And Equipments
Establishing how each person gets to be connected to the VoIP provider, depends on the quality and type of VoIP taken into account. A number of them are available in the market, and they include:
1. WIFI Phones – This type of phone depends on the wireless router available in the office setting for its connectivity. On the outside, it looks very much like an ordinary phone, and it is only different from the regular phone due to its dependability on the router.
2. Digital IP Telephones – This one’s require internet connection, and this is through the network cable that usually comes with it.
3. Soft Phones – This is a software program that runs on the computer and it tends to look and feel like a regular telephone. With this, an individual is required to purchase a USB Headset that is connected to the desktop or laptop, which then enables the individual to make and receive calls 4. Analog Telephone Adapters (ATA) – This comes in the shape of a small box and it is normally connected to the router which then allows an individual to plug in regular analog telephones. This enables the regular analog phone to work with VoIP. They are preferred since one can easily travel with them and are generally low cost alternatives.
D) Battery Back-Up
Since power failures are usually anticipated, the individual should consider installing a battery back-up system because VoIP does not work when the power goes out. Together with the back-up battery, a Power over Ethernet (PoE) is a requirement since it allows VoIP telephones to be powered using network cables as opposed power adapters that need to be plugged into walls.
There is also the Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) that gets to power equipments when power goes out. It is a specially designed system since it boasts of an inbuilt battery that enables network devices can be operational even when the power goes out